Greatest Bison Herds of the American West

The Great Plains of North America were once home to the largest concentrations of bison in the world. By the mid-19th century, an estimated 30 million bison roamed the grasslands, forming vast herds that could stretch for miles. These herds were a vital part of the ecosystem, providing food, shelter, and clothing for Native American tribes and playing a crucial role in shaping the landscape. However, the arrival of European settlers brought about a rapid decline in the bison population due to indiscriminate hunting and habitat loss. By the end of the 19th century, only a few hundred bison remained, a stark reminder of the profound impact human activity can have on the natural world.