How Do Solar Superstorms Work?

Solar superstorms, also known as geomagnetic storms, are caused by powerful eruptions on the Sun called coronal mass ejections (CMEs). These CMEs are large clouds of charged particles that travel through space and interact with the Earth's magnetic field. When a CME interacts with the Earth's magnetic field, it can cause a geomagnetic storm. The severity of the storm depends on the strength of the CME and the orientation of the Earth's magnetic field. Solar superstorms can disrupt power grids, communications systems, and GPS navigation. They can also cause auroras to appear at lower latitudes than usual.