The origins of dark matter and dark energy, two enigmatic substances that together account for over 95% of the universe, remain shrouded in mystery. Dark matter, which exerts gravitational pull but does not emit or reflect light, is thought to make up around 27% of the universe, while dark energy, a mysterious force causing the expansion of the universe to accelerate, constitutes approximately 68%. Various theories attempt to explain their existence, ranging from extra dimensions and hypothetical particles to modifications of gravity and the cosmological constant. Despite extensive research and observations, the precise nature and origins of dark matter and dark energy continue to challenge our understanding of the universe.
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