Melita Norwood, a British civil servant and devoted communist, worked for over 30 years as a spy for the Soviet Union, passing on crucial information about the development of the atomic bomb during World War II. Despite her unremarkable position as a secretary, Norwood, code-named "Hola," managed to obtain top-secret documents from various government departments. Her actions significantly aided the Soviet Union in catching up with the Western Allies' atomic research efforts and contributed to the Cold War's escalating nuclear arms race. Norwood's espionage activities remained undiscovered until her defection to the Soviet Union in 1968, leaving behind a legacy of intrigue and raising questions about the effectiveness of British counterintelligence during the critical years of World War II.
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