Lenin & the Russian Revolution

Vladimir Lenin, the leader of the Bolshevik Party, played a pivotal role in the Russian Revolution of 1917. He returned to Russia from exile in April 1917, after the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, and quickly gained influence among the Petrograd workers and soldiers. Lenin's "April Theses" called for an end to the war, the transfer of power to the soviets (councils of workers and soldiers), and the redistribution of land to the peasants. These policies resonated with the masses, and by October, the Bolsheviks had gained control of key cities and military units. On November 7, the Bolsheviks, led by Lenin, seized power in Petrograd in what is known as the October Revolution. This marked the beginning of the Soviet era in Russia, with Lenin as its first leader.