The Sea Peoples & the Late Bronze Age Collapse

The Late Bronze Age Collapse, occurring around 1200 BCE, was a period of widespread societal disruption in the Mediterranean and Near East. During this tumultuous time, the Sea Peoples, a collective term referring to a diverse group of seafaring raiders and migrants, played a significant role. Composed of various ethnicities, including the Sherden, Lukka, and Peleset, they wreaked havoc on coastal cities, disrupting trade routes and contributing to the downfall of several civilizations, including the Hittite Empire. The ultimate causes of their migrations and attacks are still debated, with theories ranging from climate change to political instability pushing these seafaring groups toward conflict. Their impact profoundly altered the political and cultural landscape of the ancient world, ushering in a transformative period of change.