The Great Revolt was a pivotal event in Jewish history and represents the last major Jewish revolt against Roman rule. Led by exceptional figures like Simon bar Giora, John of Gischala, and Eleazar ben Ya'ir, the Great Revolt began in 66 CE as a response to Roman oppression and taxation. The rebels achieved several victories, capturing Jerusalem and driving out the Roman forces. However, the Romans regrouped under the command of the future emperor Titus and launched a massive siege on the Jewish stronghold of Masada. Despite heroic resistance by the defenders, Masada fell in 73 CE, marking the end of the Great Revolt and the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem. The siege of Masada became a legendary symbol of Jewish heroism and resilience, inspiring generations of Jews and capturing the imagination of historians and storytellers alike.
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